Our Lord, God and Savior Jesus Christ is the incarnate Second Person of the Holy Trinity, the only-begotten Son of God, fully God and fully man, born in time of the Virgin Mary and begotten from before all time of God the Father.
Historians agree that Jesus Christ was born in Bethlehem to Mariam [Mary] nine months after the Annunciation. The timing of His birth has been dated between 749 and 754 from the foundation of the city of Rome [that is, between 5 B.C. and A.D. 1].
What is known about the events of Jesus Christ’s life, miracles, and conversations are documented by the four books of the Gospels. The greatest events are celebrated liturgically as Great Feasts by the Orthodox church and others, such as various miracles, are also included throughout the Church year.
There is far too much to be said about Jesus Christ than can be adequately summarized here. The Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed, our Symbol of Faith, says of our Lord:
[We believe in] one Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God, the Only-begotten, Begotten of the Father before all worlds: Light of Light, Very God of Very God, Begotten, not made, of one essence with the Father, by Whom all things were made; Who for us men and for our salvation came down from heaven, and was incarnate of the Holy Spirit and the Virgin Mary, and was made man. He was crucified also for us under Pontius Pilate, and suffered and was buried. On the third day He rose again, according to the Scriptures, and ascended into heaven, and sits at the right hand of the Father. He will come again with glory to judge the living and the dead, Whose kingdom shall have no end.
The Name Jesus Christ
Jesus is a transliteration, occurring in a number of languages and based on the Latin Iesus, of the Greek Ιησους (Iēsoûs), itself a Hellenization of the Hebrew יהושע (Yehoshua) or Hebrew-Aramaic ישוע (Yeshua), (Joshua), meaning the Lord saves.
Christ is His title derived from the Greek Χριστος (Christós), meaning the “Anointed One”, a translation of the Hebrew-derived Mashiach (Messiah). Jesus Christ is the Messiah prophesied by the Jewish prophets of the Old Testament Scriptures. The Gospel of Matthew in particular focuses on the Jesus’ fulfillment of prophecy, mainly because it was written for a Jewish audience.